Class Differences in Achievement Part 1:
What are the effects of cultural deprivation?
Snippet from Video
This A-level sociology video explores sociologists’ view that educational failures may be the result of material deprivation, compared to cultural deprivation theorists who point to working-class subculture deficiencies as the root cause. Material deprivation represents the conditions of poverty like a lack of material resources such as money and housing.
Flaherty, for example, indicates that money issues are a significant predictor of school absences with younger children:
- Poor children are more often truanting and excluded from school.
- 90% of underperforming schools are located in deprived areas.
- A link has been made between poverty and social class, where a majority of working-class families have low income and poor housing which can impact a child’s education in many ways.
This video includes concepts and sociologists such as:
- material deprivation
- restricted code
- elaborated code
- Working-Class Subculture
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Which speech code is most used by the working class, having limited vocabulary using short, rudimentary grammar with simple sentences?
Who stated that language in lower-class homes are deficient; communicating more by gestures, single words and unstructured phrases?
Who stated that working-class subculture contains four main barriers to educational success: Fatalism, Collectivism, Immediate Gratification and Present-time Orientation?
Who identified two distinct types of speech codes
Which speech code is used by the middle class and consists of more vocabulary, longer and grammatically complex sentences where the speech is varied and expresses more abstract information?
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