What is Critical Criminology or Neo-Marxism? A-Level Sociology Videos
This video explores Critical criminology. Critical criminology, or Neo-Marxism, is less deterministic than traditional Marxists. It regards crime as a conscious meaningful choice, very often with a political motive. Critical criminology brings elements of labelling theory and Marxism into a fully social theory of deviance.
The new criminology
In 1973 Taylor, Walton and the Young wrote the New Criminology which produced the most important neo- Marxist contribution to our understanding of crime and deviance
Taylor et al shares similar elements with traditional Marxists for example:
- capitalist Society is based on class conflict and exploitation, and the key to understanding crime lie in the extreme social inequalities of power and wealth.
- The interest of the capitalist class is protected by the state via favourable laws, and by criminalising the working classes.
- Crime might be entirely removed if capitalism was replaced by a classless society.