What is Critical Criminology or Neo-Marxism? A-Level Sociology Videos

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Published on 14th August 2017 by

What is Critical Criminology or Neo-Marxism? A-Level Sociology Videos

This video explores Critical criminology. Critical criminology, or Neo-Marxism, is less deterministic than traditional Marxists. It regards crime as a conscious meaningful choice, very often with a political motive. Critical criminology brings elements of labelling theory and Marxism into a fully social theory of deviance.

The new criminology
In 1973 Taylor, Walton and the Young wrote the New Criminology which produced the most important neo- Marxist contribution to our understanding of crime and deviance
Taylor et al shares similar elements with traditional Marxists for example:

  • capitalist Society is based on class conflict and exploitation, and the key to understanding crime lie in the extreme social inequalities of power and wealth.
  • The interest of the capitalist class is protected by the state via favourable laws, and by criminalising the working classes.
  • Crime might be entirely removed if capitalism was replaced by a classless society.
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